The camouflage commits by any means, or device tends to make it less visible or give a misleading appearance of an object or a living being.
The word camouflage was created in 1914 in French military jargon from an Italian verb, camuffare, having the same meaning.
Historically, the hues used to achieve a camouflaging effect are different shades of green, khaki, brown or beige. Sometimes gray or black are also used, but in any case, the colors are dull. But since the invention of satellite imagery these notions have evolved.
A camouflaging system is made from different materials and techniques, such as paints, branches, colorful textile nets or printed fabrics.
Camouflage With Broken Shape
Heir to the camouflage of German helmets and French camouflage outfits, it is composed of two, three or four colors. These are large spots or brush strokes that are applied to an already colored fabric.
This motif has the advantage of breaking the forms. Very useful by far or against aerial reconnaissance, it fails to increase the contrast and be inefficient at a short distance.
Waffen SS captured in Arnhem on September 18, 1944, wearing the Erbsenmuster camouflage.
In 1937, the Waffen-SS decided, under the leadership of Heinrich Himmler, to reconnect with the cult of the “hunter/soldier” and develop a camouflage that would bring them closer to the forest by distinguishing them from the regular army.
This is how Brandt and Schick’s developed in December 1937 a motif that breaks with the technique of breaking.
This pattern is called “tree pattern,” it is composed of small spots and forms reminiscent of the leaves. Tested on the battlefield, it was a success, reducing enemy commitments by 15%. It was improved, to obtain in 1944 the camouflage type Erbsenmuster or “pea,” only composed of a quadri-colored assembly of small spots reminiscent of the fur of felines.
This type pea camouflage interested in the US military and numerous tests during the 1970s were directed toward versions in square or rectangular 3.
It was only in the 2000s that the Canadian army developed the first “digital camouflage,” the CADCAM ( Canadian camouflage pattern ) 4, assisted by computer, this camouflage uses syntheses of satellite images; he takes up again the idea of the points of the Waffen-SS. It is officially in service in 2001 and is available in arid versions “DCAMC arid regions (RA)” and Arctic
The MultiCam is a Hexa-Chromic camouflage. He competed with the camouflage UCP ( Universal Camouflage Pattern ) to replace US Army stocks.
Developed by the company Crye Precision 8, it has the distinction of being off-road. Originally used by some special forces of the United States Special Operations Command, it is very popular with employees of private military companies, especially the famous Black water Worldwide, with whom Crye Precision has developed a line of equipment.
He takes and merges the idea of broken camouflage and camouflage dots and staffing since September 2009 on the outer theater of War in Afghanistan for the forces of the US Army 7. In February 2010, it announced it would be adopted by all the forces of the US Army in the country 9.
The company Crye Precision has developed with the British army a new camouflage, the MTP 10, 11 very close to the MultiCam.
Mirage camouflage by Bulldog Equipment is under study by the US Army. It is a digital camouflage with a huge number of colors, between 6 to 7 colors.